6 Qualities of Dhamma

6 Qualities of Dhamma

The Dhamma can be listened, studied, practiced and realized with great honor and adoration by those, not by ordinary person – but by the glorious ones who accumulated great meritorious deeds, who wish to enjoy peace and happiness. It is so valuable that it cannot be appraised and incomparable and superior to any other worldly treasure. But it is extremely difficult to come across and to listen to it because the Dhamma appears only when the Buddha appears.

The Six Qualities of the Dhamma

The Dhamma is:

  1. Svakkhato Bhagavata Dhammo – well-proclaimed by the Blessed One,
  2. Sanditthiko – self-realized,
  3. Akaliko – followed by fruit without delay (of immediate result),
  4. Ehipassiko – worthy of the invitation “Come and see”,
  5. Opaneyyiko – brought to oneself,
  6. Paccattam Veditabbo Vinnuhi – realized by the wise each for himself.

      The Dhamma can be listened, studied, practiced and realized with great honor and adoration by those, not by ordinary person – but by the glorious ones who accumulated great meritorious deeds, who wish to enjoy peace and happiness. It is so valuable that it cannot be appraised and incomparable and superior to any other worldly treasure. But it is extremely difficult to come across and to listen to it because the Dhamma appears only when the Buddha appears.

(1) The Dhamma which is Well-Expounded by the Blessed One
The Dhamma, which is well-expounded by the Blessed One, consists of the Scriptural Dhamma (Pariyatti) and the Ninefold Supramundane Dhamma (Lokuttara Dhamma).
The Scriptural Dhamma, Tipitaka – the Basket of Discipline, the Basket of Discourses, and the Basket of higher doctrine or explanation of Dhamma, is the bank of the Ninefold Supramundane Dhamma, the Four Paths, Four Fruitions, and Nibbana which is final liberation, which is good in the beginning (as soon as we hear we get peace and happiness), the middle (as soon as we practice we experience peace and happiness), and the end (after all done, we get nibbana – final liberation from samsara – the cycle of a continuity of birth and death).
The Four Noble Paths are:
(1) the Path of Stream-entry,
(2) the Path of Once-returning,
(3) the Path of Non-returning, and
(4) the Path of Arahantship.
“Path of Stream-entry” means the first Supramundane wholesome Dhamma of one who enters the stream that leads to Nibbana. “Path of Once-returning” means the second Supramundane wholesome Dhamma of one who will be reborn in the world only once before he attains Arahantship. “Path of Non-returning” means the third Supramundane wholesome Dhamma of one who does not return to this sensuous world. “Path of Arahantship” means the fourth Supramundane wholesome Dhamma of one who attains Arahantship – final emancipation.

     The Four Noble Fruitions are:
(1) Fruition of Stream-entry,
(2) Fruition of Once-returning,
(3) Fruition of Non-returning, and
(4) Fruition of Arahantship.
“Fruition of Stream-entry” means the first Supramundane resultant Dhamma of the first Supramundane wholesome state. “Fruition of Once-returning” means the second Supramundane resultant Dhamma of the second Supramundane Wholesome state. “Fruition of Non-returning” means the third Supramundane resultant Dhamma of the third Supramundane wholesome state. And “Fruition of Arahantship” means the fourth Supramundane resultant Dhamma of the fourth Supramundane wholesome state.

(2) The Dhamma which is Self-Realized
The Dhamma is to be realized by oneself by his own practice on meditation, without relying on faith in another, with the teamwork of Right View, Right Thought, Right Effort, Right Mindfulness and Right Concentration together with three training rules of Right Speech, Right Action and Right Livelihood.

(3) The Dhamma which is followed by its Fruition without delay
The Dhamma {the Four Noble Paths} gives immediate result because it is immediately followed by its own fruit {the Four Noble Fruitions}. Instead of giving its fruit after using up time such as five days, seven days, it gives its fruit immediately after its own arising. The arising of the Supramundane Path endures for only one mind-moment. Thereafter, its own fruit arises according to the procedure of the thought process.

(4) The Dhamma which is Worthy of the Invitation “Come and See”
The Dhamma is so distinct and pure that it is worthy of inviting others to “Come and See it”.

(5) The Dhamma which should be perpetually practiced
The Dhamma should be perpetually practiced because once a person enters a stream, he will not have a chance to be reborn in any woeful states, hell of intense continuous suffering, animal, ever hungry being, and being in miserable and remote places.

(6) The Dhamma which is Realized by the Wise Each for Himself
The Dhamma is to be realized by the wise individually.

     The Benefits of the Reflection upon the Qualities of the Dhamma
When the meditator reflects the qualities of the Dhamma, his mind is invaded neither by greed, nor by hate, nor by delusion. He has a right state of mind being inspired by the Dhamma. And when he has suppressed the hindrances, the Jhana factors arise in a single mind-moment. Furthermore, when a meditator reflects the Dhamma, he thinks, “In the past I never saw a master who taught the Dhamma which is brought to oneself thus; in the present I also do not see anyone such a master other than the Buddha. Seeing the qualities of the Dhamma, he is respectful and deferential towards the Buddha. Having great reverence for the Dhamma, he attains fullness of faith and has much happiness and gladness. He overcomes fear and dread. He is also able to bear pain and comes to feel as if he were living in the presence of the Dhamma. In addition, the body of him who is reflecting upon the qualities of the Dhamma becomes as worthy of veneration as a shrine room. His mind has a tendency towards the realization of incomparable Dhamma. When he encounters an opportunity for wrongdoing, he has a strong awareness of conscience and shame on reflecting upon the Dhamma. If he comprehends no higher, he will be at least born in a happy state.